Time and time again, we hear about the causes of injustice and instability in the Middle East.
There are about four main causes offered from analyses on this region. Each of them point to internal factors, though somehow quite different from one another.
But none of them recognize the possibility that instability is not a domestic ailment.
How could democratic institutionalism evade the Middle East for so long?
Here too, an anthology of theories has been written.
Getting into all the explanations would require too much attention, a luxury that modern high speed internet cannot afford to its consumers.
The main argument echoed in the halls of western political debate rooms blames ruthless dictators and Islamic crazies.
A list of more intricate explanations exist too.
None of them point to external factors.
But none of them can truly explain the distinctive features of the Middle East that make it lag significantly behind other regions in terms of democratic reform and political stability, like for example Latin America, where similar conditions exist: colonial history & resource abundance.
Why has America, and before it Europe, exercised endless security initiatives in the Middle East since the end of World War II? The US and Israel remain the only two occupying forces in the Middle East.
Research supports the logic that suicide terrorism is linked to foreign occupation.
US interventionism is not beneficial to the US nor to the international community. Violations of sovereignty are the primary cause of global instability. Whether or not democracy should evolve in a particular country is a domestic issue. Furthermore, cultural values must be considered to determine whether democratic political institutions can endure. Albeit, by injecting itself in the affairs of other countries, a US foreign policy of interventionism incites radicalism, paralyzes political development, and violates universal principles of self-determination and sovereignty. It was a the democratically elected leader of Iran, President Mossadegh, who was ousted in a CIA-led coup d’etat, which produced the mess that is radicalism and sectarianism today in the Middle East. World powers have played a hypocritical role in the region, loaning aid to authoritarian dictatorships and Islamic radicals simultaneously (Saddam & al Qaeda, for example), pinning two counterintuitive initiatives against one another – neocolonialism in plain-sight.
If democracy is in fact possible in the Middle East, its chances of seeing the light of day are being dimmed by the political hubris of world powers, namely the US.